Monday, October 25, 2010

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Formación del Ingeniero para el Desarrollo Sostenible - Congreso Mundial de Ingenieria 2010 - Argentina

Going straight to the point I leave two "tickets" very interesting blog caminandosobretiza dealing with the above in Chapter 5 "FIDS" World Congress on Engineering 2010 - Argentina:

Escaping to the formation of solvent technologically barbaric

Under the 2010 Argentina World Congress on Engineering , representatives of local and foreign universities presented a series of works based on the concepts of education active, participatory, ethical and creative . Then Daniel Samoilovich , Columbus Association in Paris and Geneva, gave a presentation entitled Beyond the rhetoric: Are institutions prepared to renew the training paradigms? Walking on chalk made a compilation of concepts that bear some similarity between the two papers to give the reader a larger debate about the Student-Centered Education poses new challenges to members and the same organization of academic activity.

The Universidad Nacional de Tucumán (UNT) conducted research on learning difficulties Computer Engineering. A major complication was relieved in the relationship between theory and practice. As stated in the faculty of the house of studies, found that the texts used put too much emphasis on the use of tools and relegated the study of the technological method. For this reason, the faculty began to wonder from where I was thinking about specialization, and that opened the door to new discoveries.

After a series of surveys to students of the race, the teachers noted a number of contradictions in the responses showed that the problem behind the lack of integration between theory and practice are based on young people's understanding of ; MODEL , and for that reason do not quite understand what he meant by the institution and its faculty with a TECHNOLOGY MODEL. One of the solutions found was show-circuit problem similar to which students meet daily in their work, and to detect errors in an innovative way.

Moreover, in the Universidad Nacional de Quilmes (UNQ) , promoter of the project Super Soup - a high energy food destined for soup kitchens - presented another complication in the teaching of graphic disciplines . According to the speaker, as the house of study with an initial cycle only for their degrees, that is not necessarily connected with specific skills for each orientation, students may feel frustrated or discouraged, and that leads to dropping out and low yields.

To turn around this situation, came to the theory of Donald Schön and the concept of Reflective Practicum , noting the importance of "a situation designed and ready for the task learning practice. " The possibility of involving students in their own interests and research, allowed a change of attitude on his part and thus appeared "best productions and more enthusiasm."

Students could find solutions rather than deviating from the same problem, and thus create their own programs learning, not only based on monitoring a static curriculum and methodology based on the transmission of knowledge, not on ownership and collaborative intelligence.

The chicken or the egg

Some of the speakers agreed that the educational model change, one of the greatest challenges and responsibilities fall on the teacher. That is, although students now demand a different education are the teachers, along with institutional support, to be the biggest step in the process of change. " The teacher on the conveyor change" said.

Another axis of agreement among the panelists was on the abandonment of concern to bind the Engineering with development and environmental care . The universities have focused more on technique and neglected its relationship with the environment, as well as its impact on the planet. In this way, said one speaker, the students went on to become "technologically solvents barbarians."

The following article will cover the content of the talk of Daniel Samoilovich , he confronted some of the statements of the panelists who preceded him and showed its focus on training Student-Centered.

If new training paradigms are the answer, what is the question?

In times where the educational system and models are being questioned, Samoilovich Daniel, director of the Columbus Association in Paris and Geneva, used under World Congress 2010 Argentina Engineering to present a talk titled Beyond the rhetoric: Are institutions prepared to renew learning paradigms? During his presentation, the scholar said that talking with a colleague concluded that these changes can take two forms: Natural or Milagrosa. The first two angels come down and illuminate the path, and second that teachers agree.

Using further analysis, Samoilovich said: " if new training paradigms are the answer, what is the question? . " Today it is increasingly marked trend which states that the labor market requires new job descriptions, expectations of young people are getting higher, and that universities are under scrutiny in regard to systems accreditation, financing. For that reason, the modification of a model for the implementation of the Student-Centered Education, it is often a difficult road to travel to institutions.

"Most of the changes are a macchia di leopard are pockets of innovation, isolated initiatives Why? There is a curve in which they are the pioneers, then the fans and then Recalcitrant, at this late stage is a big barrier to overcome, "he said.

One of the issues for which Samoilovich said it is difficult to change, it is because it affects the Core Business of the institution. "It affects quality management methods ." Can only be done with an institutional commitment, including resources, student support service and training of teachers:

  • Developing a vision : training student-centered universities can push more participatory and quality.
  • Context learning: first, it is a Copernican revolution of content to learning outcomes in curriculum design, and second, are active teaching, the student is the center, third, to use training assessments, and fourth, enhances employability.
  • Identify drivers: must be designated academic coordinators, support structures for technological innovation and pedagogical, to provide services to students, training programs, academic personnel policies, and adjust the assessment of students in program improvement.
  • estimate the costs related : academic resources, investment in infrastructure, support structures, tutors and counselors.
  • Identify options for resource allocation : public universities do not have accounting tools for measuring costs.

In the latter case, companies can become a great ally of universities as academic said. While noting that there is a asynchrony between cycles that each requires and demands, "it takes time to study engineering." He also invited the private sector to participate by providing content, and not only of helping finance the education field.

Leaving open the debate, asked the audience if Samoilovich students allies, really. "Are they passive? Are they easy? We are sure that they are more heterogeneous, hard to apply what they learned, but you have to know their demands to respond to them. "


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